As-salamu alaykum السلام عليكم in Arabic is an Islamic expression used for greeting people. It’s equivalent to hello In English or salutes in french. Translation of this phrase means peace upon you, or may god protect you from any harm or peril.
Muslims around the globe say this phrase when they exchange greetings. Prophet Mohamed, peace upon him urged his nation to say it as a token of peace and tolerance, as Al-salam is of the names of Allah.
In this article, you’ll deeply know the meaning of as-salamu alaykum, why do Muslims say it, and what’re the etiquettes of saying it in Islam?
How Do You Pronounce As-Salamu Alaykum?
This video will show you as-salamu Alaykum pronunciation.
What’s as-salamu alaykum Meaning in Islam?
Abdullāh ibn Salām (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) say: “O people, spread the greeting of peace profusely, maintain kinship ties, feed others, and pray at night when people are asleep, you will enter Paradise in peace.”
Before Islam, Arab people in the Arabian peninsula greeted each other with ” Allah salute you”, which means May God prolong your age. After Islam, the greeting turned into as-salamu alaykum and it became common among Muslims. And it means may God save you from any harm or evil.
So, greeting in Islam is a reassuring message for the other addressee, and it translates as” be safe, I’ve no intention to do harm for you. It’s an expression of respect for all people.
The virtues of greeting in Islam
Greeting in Islam has excellent virtue. Allah (SWT) said inSurah An-Nisa: When a (courteous) greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes careful account of all things.
So, Islam has urged us to greet and say assalamu alaikum to others- for many reasons.
- It spreads peace and love among people
- It’s a cause for entering the paradise
- It increases your good deeds
- It establishes strong bonds between Muslims in the community and unifies them.
- It creates a safe and tranquil atmosphere where people can live peacefully.
- It’s the greeting of Muslims in paradise as Allah SWT about believers who entered the paradise .and their greeting: ‘Peace!’; ( Surah Younus).
What Is the Origin of Assalamu Alaykum?
This sentence Is deep-seated in the Arabian peninsula before Islam. Even its starts with the beginning with history as Adam was the first one to say it as one of the hadiths mentions:
“The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Allah created Adam in His picture, sixty cubits (about 30 meters) in height. When He created him, He said (to him), “Go and greet that group of angels sitting there, and listen what they will say in reply to you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring.” Adam (went and) said, ‘As-Salamu alaikum (Peace be upon you). (Sahih al-Bukhari).
What are the Variations of salamu alaykum?
Muslims often use this word or its variations when greeting, like :
- As-salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah (“May the peace and mercy of Allah be with you”)
- As-salamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (“May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be with you”). It’s used for addressing one single man, woman, or a group of men or/and women.
How to respond to as-salamu alaykum”?
When someone greets you, you can reply with those standard answers.
1) You can wish him back the same greeting. ‘Wa Alaikum salaam
2)You can say Wa-Alaikum-Assalaam-wa-Rahmat-Allah. This is adding ‘May Allah’s mercy be also with you in addition to Peace.
3)You can continue to the full reply ‘Wa-Alaikum-Assalaam-wa-Rahmat-Allah-wa-Barkaatahu.’
When Do You Use As-Salamu Alaykum?
There are many situations where you can use this phrase, most commonly used when greeting someone. But they can also use it as a lead-in phrase when making a speech or addressing a large audience.
Also, they can use it when they’re alone. When we conclude salat, we turn our faces rightward and leftward, saying Salam alikum.
When entering our house. Allah instructs us, in Quran, to say it even when knowing there’s no one inside to bring abundance to our life.
But when ye enter houses, salute one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and sweet. Thus Allah maketh clear His revelations for you, that haply ye may understand.
Read also: Subhanallah Meaning in Islam: Definition, Virtues, and Reward
Traditions of Saying As-Salamu Alaykum in Islam
Saying salam is one of the great, pleasing way of greeting people.
There are some etiquettes better to follow when greeting people
1. Say It Gently (In a Tender Voice)
Smile when you say greet anyone and say it gently and calmly, especially if some of them are asleep for not to disturb them.
Narrated Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad:
“Two of my companions and I went and presented ourselves to the Companions of the Prophet (ﷺ), for our hearing and sight had gone from suffering (hunger and thirst). But no one would accept us. So we went to the Prophet (ﷺ), and he brought us to his family, where there were three goats.
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: ‘Milk these.’ We milked them, and each person drank his share, and we put aside a share for the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) came during the night and gave the Salam such that it would not wake the sleeping person, and the one who was awake could hear it. Then he went to the Masjid to perform Salat. Then he went for his drink and drank it.”
2. Be Initiative
Greet all people, even those you don’t know and don’t wait for anyone to greet you first to exchange his greeting. Be initiative as Prophet Mohammed encouraged Muslims to do so
“The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Those who are nearest to Allah are they who are first to give a salutation. (Sunan Abi Dawud)
Rules about starting greeting.
- the younger man/woman begins greeting those who’re older than them to show respect for him
- The rider greets who’s sitting to show humiliation.
- And the small group greets the large group. For example, if two people meet three ones, the two should initiate greeting the three.
3. No Specification
Don’t specify a greeting for some person in the group. Say salamu alaykum generally without specification can fuel envy and jealousy between the group’s members.
Generalizing salam for everybody can create solidarity and cultivate fraternity between Muslims, so it’s one of the laudable deeds.
“A person asked Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ). “What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are good?” He replied, “To feed (the poor) and greet those you know and those you don’t know.” (Sahih al-Bukhari).
4. Repeat it Three Times
It’s advisable to repeat Salam three times if he thinks they don’t hear you.
Anas said that when the Prophet made a statement, he repeated it three times to be understood and that when he met a company and gave them a salutation, he did it three times. (Bukhari)
5. Say it out Loud
The basic rule is to say it loudly so people can hear you and respond to you, except in situations that require you to lower your voice out of respect.
Thabit ibn ‘Ubayd said, “I came to a group which included ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar who said, ‘When you greet, make it clearly audible, for it is a greeting from Allah containing great blessing.: (Bukhari)
6. Say Salam When Entering Your Home.
Whether it’s empty of people like if you’re living alone or when your family is inside. As Allah instructs us.
“when you enter houses, give greetings of peace1 upon each other – a greeting from Allah, blessed and good. Thus, Allah clarifies the verses [of ordinance] that you may understand. (Surah An-nur, 61).
7. Respond to the One who Greeted You
When someone greets you, saying as-salamu alaykum, respond to him with the same greeting or better than it.
Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to me, “This is Jibril (Gabriel) who is conveying you greetings of peace.” I responded: “Wa ‘Alaihis-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu (May peace be upon him and the Mercy of Allah and His Blessings).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
8.Say as-salamu alaykum When Entering the Mosque
This is the greeting of the masjid before even you greet any people inside.
And it’s a sunna from the prophet Mohammed. Muslims are ordered to say salam when they enter their houses
So, what about entering the houses of Allah!
9. Greet the People when Leaving the Setting
As you greet them when entering the setting, Do the same when leaving them
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “When one of you arrives in a gathering, he should offer Salam to those who are already there, and he should also do so when he intends to depart. The first act of greeting is not more meritorious than the last.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
Common Questions about Greeting in Islam
Here, we write the most common questions
How Do You Write Assalamu Alaikum in Arabic?
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ ، أو السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
How Do You Write As-Salamu Alaykum in Urdu?
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته! الله تعالی آپ سے راضی ھو!
Does Islam Allow Muslims to Give “Salam” to Non-muslims?
Yes, Islam allows it. Salaam is a greeting and can be given to anyone regardless of religion.
Can Other Muslims Use Assalamu Alaikum for Greeting?
Yes, of course, they can use it. Allah said in surah An-Nisa, “And do not say to those who offer you ˹greetings of˺ peace, “You are no believer!”—seeking a fleeting worldly gain.
Also, it reflects the profound meanings of Islam, the religion of peace and tolerance.
As-salamu Alaykum is the greeting of Islam. It’s a symbol of peace and love between all humanity and one of the names of Allah (Al-salam). In this article, you’ve learned the origin of this greeting and the virtues of saying it.
Also, you know many of the etiquettes for greeting anyone.
They could be your family, neighbors, friends, or even total strangers. Just see the greeting and let the snowmelt. Love this article, then share it with your connections on social media so they can benefit too.
What is the answer to Salam Alaikum? ›
"Wa-Alaikum-Salaam," meaning "And unto you peace," was the standard response. Muslim ministers and audiences regularly exchanged the salutation at the beginning and end of lectures and sermons.What does Walaikum Assalam Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh mean? ›
The meaning of waalaikumsalam is “And unto you peace”. The slightly longer version, Wa alaykumus salam wa rahmatullah can be translated as “May the peace and mercy of Allah be with you too”. Lastly, Wa alaykumu s-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh would be “May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be with you too”.How do you respond to peace be with you in Arabic? ›
In Arabic, this word, slm, means peace. Explain that when Muslims greet each other, they say “As-salaam alaikum” (a-lay-kum). It means “Peace be with you”. In reply, a Muslim will say, “Wa-alaikum as-salaam” – which means “And peace be with you too.”How do you respond to Salam Hadith? ›
Anas reported that the Companions of Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said to him: The People. of the Book offer us salutations (by saying as-Salamu- 'Alaikum). How should we reciprocate them ? Thereupon he said: Say: Wa 'Alaikum (and upon you too).How do Muslims greet and reply? ›
Traditional greeting between Muslims is Assalamu alaikum (peace be upon you) to which the response is wa alaikum salaam(and unto you peace).What is a'salaam alaikum in English? ›
Borrowed from Arabic السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ (as-salāmu ʕalaykum, “peace be upon you”).Is salam Alaikum correct? ›
As-salamu alaykum (Arabic: ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ, as-salāmu ʿalaykum, Arabic: [as.sa.laː.mu ʕa. laj. kum] ( listen)), also written salamun alaykum and typically rendered in English as salam alaykum, is a greeting in Arabic that means 'Peace be upon you'.What is the correct spelling of Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh? ›
Assalamu'alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh . السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ . May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be with you .How do you respond to an Arabic greeting? ›
“Ahlan Wa Sahlan” (welcome) is the more formal version of “Ahlan”. The most common reply is “Ahlan bik” to a male or “Ahlan biki” to a female. To reply to more than one person, say, “Ahlan bikum. Marhaba (Welcome) It comes from the word “rahhaba” which means “to welcome”.How do you wish someone peace in Arabic? ›
Salam Alaikum (سلام علیکم)
It has a literal meaning of “peace be upon you.” Salam is comfortably used in all places and at all times of the day whenever two or more people meet each other. “Wa Alaykum as-salam,” “وعلیکم السلام” meaning “and upon you peace,” is the standard response of Salam Alaikum.
What are the 3 ways to greet in Islam? ›
- Use the phrase "As-Salam-u-Alaikum" ("Peace be unto you").
- This is pronounced “as-saa-laam-muu-ah-lay-kum.”
- You might also choose to use the longer greeting of "As-Salam-u-Alaikum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh" ("Peace be unto you and so may the mercy of Allah and his blessings”).
Hadith affirms the excellence of `Aishah ( رضي الله عنها May ALLAH be pleased with her). It also tells us how to respond to the Salam of a third person, that is, we should say, *”Wa `Alaihis-Salamu* wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu.How do you respond to Alhamdulillah? ›
When any one of you sneezes and says 'alhamdulillah [praise be to Allah]', it becomes obligatory upon every Muslim who hears him to respond with: “Yarhamuk Allah [may Allah have mercy on you]'.What is the difference between Salam Alaikum and Alaikum Salam? ›
What is the difference between Asalaam Alaikum and Assalamu Alaikum? the second one is the right one because it's the right read for the the word “peace be upon you”.What is the short form of Walaikum Assalam? ›
Wa alaikum as-salam is the more formal and complete version of the greeting, while wa alaikum salam is a shortened form.Can you say Salam Alaikum when leaving? ›
In Bangladesh, Assalamu alaikum (Bengali: আসসালামু আলাইকুম) is the most common Muslim greeting. Some Muslims greet their elders with these words whilst raising their right hand to the forehead. Assalamu alaikum is even used as to say goodbye, while many others say "Khoda Hafez" or "Allah Hafez" (may God protect you).What is the full greeting in Islam? ›
The greeting for Muslims is in Arabic - As-salamu alaikum which means Peace be upon you.What is a simple greeting in Arabic? ›
مرحبا (Marhaba) – “Hello/Hi”
The answer is مرحبا (Marhaba). Marhaba is the simplest type of greeting that is used across the Arabic speaking world.
- Strong Faith ( Emaanul Amiyk). ...
- Total trust in Allah (Tawakkul). ...
- Constant mention of Allah (Dhikrullah). ...
- Supplication (Duah). ...
- Positive attitude for every distress.
Interjection. mashallah. (Islam) Expressing the speaker's gratitude for a blessing or their recognition of divine intervention in its occurrence. God willed it.
What is the best way to greet someone? ›
- Good morning/afternoon/evening. These are classic, formal phrases to use when greeting someone, whether it's the first time meeting them or if you've already met them before. ...
- Pleased to meet you. ...
- It's nice to meet you. ...
- It's good to see you. ...
- How are you? ...
- Hey. ...
- What's up? ...
- What's new?
"all praise is due to God alone" (Muhammad Asad) "all the praises and thanks be to God" (Muhammad Muhsin Khan)What happens if you say alhamdulillah? ›
Alhamdulillah may be a statement of gratitude to God for any gift, whether it be simply the gift of life or the gift of success, health, or strength. Alhamdulillah may be used in prayer. By thanking Allah, the creator of all things, one is lifting prayers to God.What Does peace be upon you mean in Islam? ›
peace be upon thee: a religious greeting or farewell used to wish someone tranquility. idiom. The phrase peace be upon him/her is sometimes added after the names of religious saints or prophets, especially in Islam: Muhammad, peace be upon him the prophet Muhammad.What is peace called in Islam? ›
The Arabic word salaam (سلام) ("peace") originates from the same root as the word Islam.How to praise a beautiful girl in Arabic? ›
- Jamiil جميل
- Enta wasiim أنت وسيم
- Munawwar ed-dinya kolaha منور الدنيا كلها
- Enti mozza انتِ مزة
- “Please” It may seem basic, but treating others with respect goes a long way. ...
- “Thank You” ...
- “Tell Me More” ...
- “I'm Proud of You” ...
- “What Do You Think?” ...
- “It's Your Call” ...
- “You're Doing Great” ...
- “We're All in This Together”